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RussianThunder February 12th, 2019 2:10am

On this day (11 February) in history.....see comments for events that took place. HIGHLIGHTS: A letter by Samuel Adams opposing the Townsend Act circulates through the colonies in 1768 and in 1943, Eisenhower is chosen to lead the European allies.

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RussianThunder Russia and USA
02/11/19 8:31 pm

SAMUEL ADAMS

On May 10, 1773, Parliament passed the Tea Act which granted the East India Company a monopoly on the tea trade. Even with the three pence per pound tax, the tea would be cheaper than all other teas on the market in Boston. While this may have delighted some consumers, merchants that had been smuggling Dutch tea into the colonies were very upset over this new tea tax (it’s always crime). Since the East India product would be cheaper, its arrival in Boston would undercut all of the patriot merchants who had been peddling their previously less expensive Dutch tea. To make matters worse, seven loyal merchants had been hand-picked by the East India Company tea to sell the tea in Boston. They were called the consignees, and two of them were the sons of Royal Governor Thomas Hutchinson.

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RussianThunder Russia and USA
02/11/19 8:33 pm

Preparations for resistance were now well underway in the colonies. Samuel Adams did everything in his power to garner support from colonial merchants who would be hurt by the Tea Act. Adams started by forming the Boston Committee of Correspondence. The object of the committee was to communicate with other British North American colonies in order to share methods of resistance to taxation without representation. Adams drafted a letter to the other colonies stating that all of the colonies would be united in their resistance to Parliament’s efforts to vend the tea in America.

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RussianThunder Russia and USA
02/11/19 8:37 pm

Samuel Adams and the Sons of Liberty first took aim at the consignees. In a series of anonymous letters, the leaders of the Sons of Liberty demanded that the consignees show themselves at the Liberty Tree to resign their commission. On 3 November Samuel Adams and a crowd gathered at the Liberty Tree to await the arrival of the consignees, but the consignees wisely stayed away. By 5 November, the Town Meeting met at Faneuil Hall resolving that Parliament had no right to introduce arbitrary taxes, and to do so would be the equivalent of reducing Boston to a state of slavery.

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RussianThunder Russia and USA
02/11/19 8:38 pm

By 28 November, the crisis was now on the doorstep of Boston. The first tea ship to arrive was the Dartmouth owned by the Rotch family. The ship arrived with 114 crates of East India Company tea. Samuel Adams and the Sons of Liberty now had a deadline. According to customs law, the ship had only twenty days to unload its cargo. The twentieth day would be 17 December 1773. Still two more ships arrived. On 2 December the Eleanor arrived with 114 crates, and on 15 December the Beaver had joined the other two ships at Griffin’s Wharf.

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RussianThunder Russia and USA
02/11/19 8:39 pm

Samuel Adams took the lead in negotiating with ship owners, and the customs officials for the port of Boston. On 3 December, Adams ordered John Rowe, the owner of the Eleanor to unload his other cargo, but not the tea. On 11 December, Adams and the Boston Committee of Correspondence ordered Francis Rotch, the owner of the Dartmouth and Beaver, to set sail for London with the East India Company tea onboard. Rotch refused to because his ships would be broadsided by two British warships, the Somerset and Boyne that were out in the harbor. Adams told Rotch that his ship must sail back to London. Adams exclaimed to Rotch “the people of Boston and the neighboring towns absolutely require and expect it.”


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RussianThunder Russia and USA
02/11/19 8:39 pm

Now there were only a few days before the cargo of tea had to be unloaded according to customs law. On 14 December, Samuel Adams brought Francis Rotch to the customs collector to ask for clearance for his ships to leave the port of Boston. The customs collector stubbornly insisted that no law would allow the ship to leave before unloading the tea. Two days later, on 16 December, Rotch appeared at Old South Meeting House before thousands of angry Bostonians. Samuel Adams advised him to appeal to Royal Governor Thomas Hutchinson for permission to send his ships back to London. Francis Rotch reluctantly straddled his horse, and made his way to Milton where the Royal Governor was staying at his summer estate.


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RussianThunder Russia and USA
02/11/19 8:41 pm

After hours of uncertainty, and anxious waiting at Old South Meeting House, Francis Rotch finally reappeared with the Governor’s decision. Rotch nervously announced that Hutchinson had refused his request that the tea had to be brought into Boston before his ships could depart. If Rotch attempted to leave, the two British warships and the canons from Castle William would blow his ships out of the water. After all of these attempts, Rotch now refused to take action. Samuel Adams rose from his pew, and announced, “This meeting can do nothing more to save the country!”


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RussianThunder Russia and USA
02/11/19 8:42 pm

Historians cannot be certain, but many believe that this statement by Adams was a signal to the Sons of Liberty waiting outside to destroy the tea. While Adams did not participate in the destruction of the tea, he stayed behind at Old South Meeting House along with other patriot leaders to provide a distraction to the British Army stationed in Boston. Although he did not wield a hatchet, or don a Mohawk disguise, he was instrumental in securing support and sympathy from other British North American colonies. The very next day, on December 17, Adams wrote letters to the Sons of Liberty in New York and Philadelphia proudly announcing how peaceful the destruction of the tea was. You gotta love the founders of America! 🇺🇸🇺🇸🇺🇸

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RussianThunder Russia and USA
02/11/19 8:06 pm

GENERAL EISENHOWER

The European theatre of war was fought on many fronts and in 1943, things had to be coordinated between the US, UK, USSR, China, Australia, Mexico, Nepal, Mongolia and the governments in exile of France, Poland, Yugoslavia, Greece, Norway, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Belgium and Czechoslovakia. This was a massive undertaking. Only a few guys could have done it. Claude Auchinleck, Dwight Eisenhower, Charles de Gaulle, Aleksandr Vasilevsky, George Marshall, Douglas MacArthur, Ivan Konev, Omar Bradley, George Patton and Georgy Zhukov. No, Russian was general wanted it. Most were bogged down in battles. De Gaulle had no country. Most British generals were terrified of Montgomery and he didn’t have a great reputation outside of the UK. This left George Marshall. The Americans had the money and the resources. The Russians had men and the British had Churchill. Here is the clincher.....Roosevelt chose the guy who was basically Patton and MacArthurs assistant....

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RussianThunder Russia and USA
02/11/19 8:24 pm

As Roosevelt made the choice, he didn’t care about egos. Montgomery was ruffled. Patton was an egomaniac. MacArthur was in the Pacific. Eisenhower bunny hopped over all of the others to be made supreme allied commander. It worked out though Montgomery never forgot or forgave this snub. Years after the war, he was asked who the best general in history was....his answer?....”You mean, besides me?”. I mean, if we are going to talk about good generals, Rommel wasn’t bad either. Grant and Lee were pretty good as was Cesar Augustus. Patton wanted the USSR nuclear bombed. In the end, though it was tough, Roosevelt made the right call and Eisenhower was able to gently keep everyone on track. Not an easy job with that many egos around.

I’m not sure what kind of a president he was. From a Russian perspective, not very good and I think perhaps from an American perspective not that great. Like Grant, his area of expertise was war. I’m not sure though.

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RussianThunder Russia and USA
02/11/19 7:12 pm

11 February

Traditional date for the foundation of Japan by Emperor Jimmu in 660 BCE. Tiberius Claudius Caesar Britannicus, heir to the Roman emperorship, dies under mysterious circumstances in Rome in 55CE (What mystery? He was murdered so Caligula could take the throne). Henry VIII of England is recognized as supreme head of the Church of England (yeah, basically, by himself and orders everyone else too as well) in 1534. The assault on Copenhagen in 1649, by Swedish forces is beaten back with heavy losses. Samuel Adams letter, circulates around American colonies, opposing Townshend Act taxes in 1768. First session of United States Senate opens to the public in 1794. Norway's independence is proclaimed in 1814. In 1823, about 110 boys are killed during a stampede at the Convent of the Minori Osservanti in Valletta, Malta at Carnival.


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RussianThunder Russia and USA
02/11/19 7:13 pm

University College London is founded in 1826 as the University of London. The United States House of Representatives unanimously passes a resolution, in 1861, guaranteeing noninterference with slavery in any state. US President-elect Abraham Lincoln boards a train from Springfield Illinois to Washington, D.C. The throngs of people who gathered to bid him off were enormous. US Congress adopts the Expedition Act in 1904, which authorizes the Attorney General to 'expedite' anti-trust cases through the courts, reflecting growing popular support for President Theodore Roosevelt's "trust busting" campaign. In 1916, Emma Goldman is arrested for lecturing on birth control in New York City (wow.....what a change 100 years makes). Kingdom of Italy and the Vatican sign the Lateran Treaty in 1929.

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RussianThunder Russia and USA
02/11/19 7:15 pm

In 1943, General Dwight D. Eisenhower is selected to command the allied armies in Europe (which really angers narcissistic British General Bernard Montgomery. U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower denies all appeals for clemency for Julius and Ethel Rosenberg (though at the time, they had no direct evidence of Ethel’s guilt. Since the fall of the Soviet, it is clear she played a very large roll. The Soviet Union breaks off diplomatic relations with Israel in 1953 (Actually Stalin thought Israel would go communist and when it didn’t, he got angry and cut off diplomacy but he will be dead in less than a month). In 1963, the CIA Domestic Operations Division is created (I thought those guys just did foreign stuff). Eighty-seven countries, including the United States, United Kingdom, and Soviet Union, sign the Seabed Arms Control Treaty in 1971, outlawing nuclear weapons on the ocean floor in international waters (bet the USSR had its fingers crossed behind its back).

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RussianThunder Russia and USA
02/11/19 7:17 pm

First release of American prisoners of war from Vietnam takes place in 1973. Henry Kissinger unveils the Nixon Administration's seven-point "Project Independence" plan in 1974, to make the U.S. energy independent (that didn’t seem to work out).China lifts a ban on works by Aristotle, William Shakespeare and Charles Dickens in 1978 🤷🏼‍♂️. The Iranian Revolution establishes an Islamic theocracy in 1979, under the leadership of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. In 1981, around 100,000 US gallons (380 m3) of radioactive coolant leak into the containment building of TVA Sequoyah 1 nuclear plant in Tennessee, contaminating eight workers. In 1990, Nelson Mandela is released from Victor Verster Prison outside Cape Town, South Africa after 27 years as a political prisoner.


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RussianThunder Russia and USA
02/11/19 7:19 pm

U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney shot Harry Whittington, a 78-year-old Texas attorney, in 2006, while participating in a quail hunt on a ranch in Riviera, Texas (Whittington then basically apologized for getting in the way of his bullet....astounding). During the Arab spring in 2011, the first wave of the Egyptian revolution culminates in the resignation of Hosni Mubarak in 2011, and the transfer of power to the Supreme Military Council after 18 days of protests. In 2014, a university student is murdered as she resisted an attempted rape in Turkey, sparking nationwide protests and public outcry against harassment and violence against women.


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