On this day (30 January) in history.....see comments for events that took place. HIGHLIGHTS: Archduke and Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria is found dead in a murder suicide in 1889 and MLK’s house is firebombed in 1956.
When we were teenagers, my best friend and I went to see the movie “Mayerling” starring Omar Sharif and Catherine Deneuve.
They made a movie about it? Interesting.
I looked it up because of your post. Apparently, there have been several movies about it. The 1968 version was a remake of “the French classic” which was made in the 1930s.
Wow! I didn’t know that! Thanks!
You’re welcome 😊
A bomb detonated at about 9:15 p.m. A witness had seen someone walk halfway up to the house and toss the bomb on the porch, but the witness, Ernest Walters, was not able to get a license plate number of the light-colored car that drove away. King had been speaking at First Baptist Church on Ripley Street when he arrived about 15 minutes after the bombing. The bomb had "ripped a hole in the porch and cracked a porch column," but neither King's wife, Coretta Scott King, nor their baby, 7-month-old Yolanda Denise King, were hurt.
The bombing came almost two months after Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to change seats on the Cleveland Avenue bus, and both the civil rights movement and the Montgomery Bus Boycott were underway when the bombing occurred. King's supporters were furious. 300 African-Americans arrived at the King home demanding justice. King, in his usual well-spoken manner, calmed the crowd with a speech preaching peace and humility.
The Kings stay at the home of Dexter deacon J. T. Brooks. Late the same night King, Sr., his daughter Christine, son A. D., and Coretta’s father, Obadiah Scott, arrive hoping to convince King and his family to return to Atlanta, but he refuses. He feels he has work to do in Montgomery.
King had received numerous threatening phone calls, his house is bombed...so he knew his life was in danger. He applied for a permit to carry a gun but it was, of course, denied. He was stabbed (though this was a paranoid schizophrenic black woman so not really based on race hatred) and endured constant harassment by the FBI but he never wavered. His spoke out against white and black supremacy. He spoke for peace and when he said in a speech “I might not get there with you”, he knew he probably would not. King is quite the opposite of people today. He did not like identity politics and supremacy. He quelled crowds ready to turn violent.
We could use his lessons in society today.
THE MURDER-SUICIDE OF ARCH CROWN PRINCE RUDOLPH OF AUSTRIA
In 1889, at a hunting lodge called Mayerling, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian lay dead after having murdered his mistress, the 17 year old Baroness Mary Vetsera. This created a scandal of astounding proportions. Rudolph was married. Mary was “new nobility” and quite young. This is, of course scandalous and the international headlines were lurid but historically, this is important. Rudolph was trained to rule though he held very liberal views, in contrast to his father. His death propelled his uncle (the emperors younger brother) Archduke Karl Ludwig to be the heir to the throne. He was not interested in politics or ruling but was likable. However, he never had to rule. He died of typhoid, before his brother, nine years after Rudolph. It was thought he contracted it on a recent trip to Egypt. This left the throne to his son, Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
When Franz Ferdinand was 11, his cousin, “Francis V, Duke of Modena, Reggio and Guastalla, Archduke of Austria-Este, Royal Prince of Hungary and Bohemia, Duke of Mirandola and of Massa, Prince of Carrara” (yes that’s a long title but probably accurately describes all of the places he stripped the wealth of) left him his vast fortune and Franz Ferdinand became one of the wealthiest men in the world. Given his diary entries, he loved game hunting and claimed 300,000 kills (100,000 were on displays in his castles). He was odd, aloof, often hysterical and traditional. His political views were muddled but he did not like Hungarians. He also advocated a cautious approach towards Serbia and was repeatedly locking horns with Franz Conrad von Hötzendorf, Vienna's hard-line Chief of the General Staff, warning that harsh treatment of Serbia would bring Austria-Hungary into open conflict with Russia, to the ruin of both Empires.
The assassination of Franz Ferdinand, of course, led to WWI, which changed the face of Europe and the balance of power in the world.
Two bodies, lying dead in a hunting lodge, may have set the stage for a world war. Rudolph’s mother never got over her grief but she herself was assassinated in 1898 in Geneva.
On a side note, Carl Ludwig was of the firm belief Rudolph and Mary were killed by Freemasons. The hunting lodge was almost immediately converted in a into a monastery which was settled by nuns of the Discalced Carmelite Order. Visitors may view the statue of the Madonna in the Lady Chapel of the church. It has the face of the Empress Elisabeth, and has a dagger in the Immaculate Heart. The position of the main cross in the chapel is supposed to be where the bed of Rudolf and Vetsera was situated.
Prayers are still said daily by the nuns for the repose of the soul of Crown Prince Rudolf (none for Mary though....odd)
Today is my mother’s birthday
Happy birthday to your mother!!! 🎁🎉🥂🍾🎁
In 516 BCE, the Second Temple of Jerusalem finishes construction. Poland and the Holy Roman Empire conclude the Peace of Bautzen in 1018. An estimated 200 square miles along the coasts of the Bristol Channel and Severn Estuary in England are destroyed by massive flooding in 1607, resulting in an estimated 2,000 deaths. Scots agree to sell King Charles I to English Parliament for £400, in 1647. The Treaty of Münster and Osnabrück is signed in 1648, ending the 80 years war, between the Netherlands and Spain. King Charles I of England is beheaded in 1649. In 1661, Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, is ritually executed more than two years after his death, on the 12th anniversary of the execution of the monarch he himself deposed (yeah, I kind of don’t see the point here....beheading dead guy just seems....pointless).
The original Lower Trenton Bridge (also called the Trenton Makes the World Takes Bridge....which seems a stupid name) which spans the Delaware River between Morrisville, Pennsylvania and Trenton, New Jersey, is opened in 1806. Edward Bransfield sights the Trinity Peninsula in 1820 and claims the discovery of Antarctica. The Menai Suspension Bridge, considered the world's first modern suspension bridge, connecting the Isle of Anglesey to the north West coast of Wales, is opened in 1826. In the first assassination attempt against a President of the United States, Richard Lawrence attempts to shoot president Andrew Jackson in 1835, but fails and is subdued by a crowd, including several congressmen as well as Jackson himself, who has to be pulled off Lawrence for fear Jackson would kill him. Jackson, I believe, carried the bullet in him the rest of his life.
Betsy Ross dies in 1836. Yerba Buena, California is renamed San Francisco, California in 1847. The first American ironclad warship, the USS Monitor is launched in 1862. FDR is born in 1882. In 1889, the 30 year old Archduke Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, is found dead with his mistress, 17 year old Baroness Mary Vetsera in the Mayerling. It was murder/suicide (well isn’t that a sticky wicket to try to explain to the population, not happy with their monarchy anyway). Indian pacifist and leader Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is released from prison in 1908, by Jan C. Smuts after being tried and sentenced to two months in jail earlier in the month. In 1925, the Government of Turkey expels Patriarch Constantine VI from Istanbul. Olaf Palme is born in 1927.
The Politburo of the Soviet Union, in 1930, orders the extermination of the Kulaks. In 1933, Adolf Hitler is sworn in as Chancellor of Germany. The second of Stalin's purge trials occurs in 1937. Pyatakov and sixteen others are sentenced to death. Adolf Hitler threatens Jews during his speech to the German Reichstag in 1939, causing many Jews to leave Germany. Adolf Hitler promotes Friedrich Paulus in 1943, commander of the 6th Army, to Field Marshal in the hope that he will not surrender, but he did, 2 hours later. He lived the remainder of his life (15 years) in East Germany. Some 300 captured Allied troops are massacred at Laha airfield. Three-fourths of remaining POWs did not survive at the end of the war, including 250 men who were shipped to Hainan Island in South China Sea and never returned. In 1945, the Wilhelm Gustloff, overfilled with German refugees, sinks in the Baltic Sea after being torpedoed by a Soviet submarine, killing approximately 9,500 people.
One hundred twenty-six American Rangers and Filipino resistance fighters liberate over 500 Allied prisoners in 1945 from the Japanese-controlled Cabanatuan POW camp. In 1948, Mahatma Gandhi is assassinated by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu extremist. The British South American Airways' Tudor IV Star Tiger disappears over the Bermuda Triangle in 1948 (cue conspiracy theorists). In 1956, African-American civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr.'s home is bombed in retaliation for the Montgomery Bus Boycott. The British House of Lords passes a bill allowing women to take seats in 1958. MS Hans Hedtoft, said to be the safest ship afloat and "unsinkable" like the RMS Titanic, strikes an iceberg on her maiden voyage in 1959 and sinks, killing all 95 aboard (For G-d’s sake, stop saying ships are unsinkable.....none are!). Two members of The Flying Wallendas' high-wire act are killed in 1962, when their 7-person pyramid collapsed during a live performance in Detroit.
In 1964, in a bloodless coup, General Nguyễn Khánh overthrows General Dương Văn Minh's military junta in South Vietnam. The state funeral of Winston Churchill occurs in 1964, at St Paul's Cathedral in London. At the time, it was the world's largest ever state funeral. The tet Offensive launch by forces of the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese Army against South Vietnam, the United States, and their allies in 1968. The Beatles' last public performance, on the roof of Apple Records in 1969 in London. The impromptu concert is broken up by the police. Bloody Sunday occurs in Derry, Northern Ireland in 1972, when British paratroopers open fire on anti-internment marchers in killing 13 people; another person later dies of injuries sustained. The jury finds Watergate defendants G. Gordon Liddy and James McCord guilty on all counts in 1973.
In 1975, Ernő Rubik applies for a patent for his "Magic Cube" invention, later to be known as a Rubik's cube. A Varig Boeing 707-323C freighter, disappears over the Pacific Ocean in 1979, 30 minutes after taking off from Tokyo. The cargo was millions of dollars of paintings. No trace of the wreckage was ever found (another cue for conspiracy theorists). In 1982, Richard Skrenta writes the first PC virus code, which is 400 lines long and disguised as an Apple boot program called "Elk Cloner". The closure of the American embassy in Kabul, Democratic Republic of Afghanistan in 1989. Five Pharaoh sculptures from 1470 BCE are found at a temple of Luxor, Egypt in 1989. Joel Steinberg found guilty of 1st degree manslaughter in the death of his illegally adopted daughter in 1989 (I had to figure out who this was and why it made history. That guy should have been given life. He’s a horrible human being but the whole case is awful. That poor little girl never had a chance in life).
Workers from the National Institutes of Health announce the success of clinical trials testing the first preventive treatment for sickle-cell disease in 1995. A car bomb explodes in Algiers in 1995, killing 42 and wounding 296. Richard Reid is sentenced to life in prison in 2003 for attempting to bomb an American Airlines flight with 197 people on board. Boko Haram militants on motorcycles attack Dalori village near Maiduguri, Nigeria in 2016, killing at least 65 and injuring 136 people.
“In 516 BCE, the Second Temple of Jerusalem finishes construction.”
RT, I’m curious how they figure these date references for events that happened long before our current calendar system was invented.
It’s complicated but they use the minyan shtarot” which means “accounting of contracts.” It counts time from the year 312-311 BCE, supposedly six years following the arrival of Alexander in the Land of Israel.
The basis of the Jewish annual calendar is also ancient. The Torah speaks of the annual cycle of holy days and festivals, and it was systematized by the Rabbonim well before the fall of the Second Temple in 70 CE. In addition, dates have been calculated using ancient sources in other cultures who may speak of the Israelites etc etc. In the case of the destruction of the Second Temple, the Romans recorded it. So, if you know how Romans calculated years, you can pinpoint when exactly, the Temple was built and then destroyed.
In this case, it was Zerubbabel who began construction and he was appointed governor of Yehud Medinata by the Persian king Cyrus. That date cannot be exactly ascertained but is between 538-520 BCE. We know the Temple of Solomon was destroyed in 586 BCE by Nebuchadnezzar II because they recorded it. We know Titus and the legions destroyed the 2nd Temple on 9 Av 70 CE, because they wrote about it as did the Jews who survived. When few or no Jews survive an event, the enemy always wrote about them.
Does this help?