Russia is one of the few countries that will NOT succumb to globalism and the majority of their citizens are Christian.
Nearly everyone you meet is Russian orthodox though there are a few catholics, Jews and Muslims as well.
I mean, if you wanna live in a country with a totalitarian leader who is currently purging any gay people and setting up for holocaust 2.0, go ahead.
No, it went underground.
Religion was never totally removed. The clamped down on it after the rise of the Soviet but Stalin used it as a uniting tool during the great patriotic war. Nika then allowed it, then suppressed it, etc. Gorbachev allowed it. It never left the rural area or the JAO. Muslims took it underground. Traditions still existed.
I would say about 3/4 would identify themselves as believing in G-d with about 40-50% saying they are religious. That's just my guess. There are no official statistics.
Many many people wear cross necklaces and religious activities in Petersburg (Russian orthodox) are always very large and well attended. I'm sure it's the same in Moscow.
1. Yes, because they wholly acknowledge globalism as a threat.
2. No, a large percent are Christian, not a majority (quite close though).
How "real religious" are Russians? After decades of having the priests be snitches to have people "disappeared" when religion was illegal, religion fell away. It came back as a fad in the 1990s due to its being "new".
Scammers took advantage. Like "churches" who would do things if you gave them money. Example:why Sacramento CA suburbs have a high Ukrainian population: a program almost akin to indentured servitude and trafficking.
Such things caused religion to falls way again. It played right into the endemic cynicism and paranoia of Russians.
I don't know czar fucked the pooch long ago.